Breast Cancer: Symptoms and Treatment
Breast cancer - a disease that is accompanied by the formation in the breast epithelial tumor formation in which its growth comes from the gland ducts or lobules of it. Breast cancer, the symptoms of which may be based on the defeat of one or both of both glands is one of the most common tumor (cancerous) abnormalities, occurring in women.
If we consider in more detail the percentage of morbidity in the world figures, we can distinguish the figure of 22.9% - exactly the same percentage on the part of female cancers account for the pathology of interest to us. This figure does not take into account non-melanoma skin cancers are the type of origin. By the way speaking, breast cancer in men is also allowed as a possible disease, while women with her there almost 100 times more likely. Accordingly, there is an unfavorable trend of the outcomes of male breast cancer that is associated with late diagnosis.
The main risks that lead to the development of breast cancer, consider the following factors:. Heredity, obesity, early onset of menstruation (before reaching age 12), late menopause (after the age of 55 years), smoking, etc. Features of predisposing factors, we consider some below in the section.
With regard to this issue, as breast cancer symptoms, the brief can be summarized as follows: seal in the breast, lymph node enlargement, located in the underarm area, the occurrence of discharge from the teat of different nature, changing contours and color of breast, etc. In all of these. symptoms, we also discussed below.
Regarding age, in which most of the women developed breast cancer, it may be noted that with the gradual increase of its risk of developing this disease also increases. In particular pathology often is diagnosed, ranging from 40 years and older. Breast cancer before the age of 30 years - an extremely rare diagnosis, mainly when its relevance is meant the combination of simultaneously influencing several risk factors that lead to this pathology. It should also be noted that in such an early occurrence of breast cancer, a disease amenable to treatment with large difficulties.
Breast Cancer: Causes
The reasons that trigger the development of breast cancer (glands) today studied sufficiently, because the selection of individual predisposing factors as those which cause and are considered to allow a little more substantive approach to the issue. Based on the orientation of conformity, in turn, can determine for themselves whether specific risks or, conversely, exclude them. The reasons (factors) that provoke breast cancer, decided to allocate the options that will be discussed below. Meanwhile, according to certain embodiments of these factors have additions, some of which are controversial, below we focus on them, immediately isolate the main number of causes (factors), considered as provoking the development of breast cancer:
Nolvadex reduces a risk of the formation of cancer and also neoplasms because of the excessive action of estrogens to the organs and cells. Women use it as a prophylaxis of the spread disease – breast cancer while millions of men have managed to overcome prostate cancer.
The main and most effective method of treatment of breast cancer treated only surgical technique, through which ensured the removal of body subjected to cancerous lesions. It should be noted that any other treatment options with the exception of surgery for patients defines only a temporary effect. Features of surgery is to choose one of the following methods:
complete removal of the breast, including the underarm lymph nodes and fat on the affected side (this option is seen as the most preferred);
prostate specific removal portion (i.e. that portion in which the tumor mass is concentrated, and the underarm lymph nodes on the same side on which there is loss and itself);
with a significant rate of tumor formation, as well as the scale of its dissemination is removed and the breast, and the vessels, and the pectoral muscles (in fact, in some cases, it may be an option, which removes and ribs, everything depends in particular on the specified original features, on the basis of which made removal).
In most cases, the methods used adjunctive therapy after surgery. For example, if the disease is not accompanied by metastasis, the treatment is supportive, within it applies antihormones, reception of which is carried out over a period of five years, it would eliminate the possibility of preventing the return of pathology as well as the formation of metastases.
If metastasis has affected other organs (lungs, liver, etc.), The mandatory use chemotherapy, focused on reducing the size of the metastasis, or to complete their destruction. Recall that metastases are specific screenings from the main tumor mass that have the same structure and have the ability to further their growth in violation of the function of organs, under which they appeared and started to develop.
As you can see, breast cancer - the disease serious enough, because the appearance of any symptoms in the gland should consult a doctor-mammologist and an oncologist. In addition, one should not forget the need for self-examination for the presence of a specific node in the glands, and the need for preventive visits to the doctor, even in the absence of symptoms.