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Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH): A Guide for Patients

Almost half of men over 55 suffer from the disease called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

If you are a man over 55 years, and if you urinate, you notice that the urine stream is weak or interrupted urine continues to leak even after urination end, if you experience unexplained feeling that in fact your bladder is not completely empty, you need to know that the symptoms of prostate enlargement. following medical terms are used to define this disease: benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH, or benign prostatic hypertrophy.

Fortunately, BPH - a non-malignant prostate enlargement - a small (the size of a walnut) gland that surrounds the urethra in males and produces a fluid that is part of semen. With aging men, the prostate grows, squeezing the urethra, which in turn, prevents the outflow of urine.

Difficulty urinating may cause deterioration of your health. With the ongoing growth of the prostate, urethra under increasing pressure, leading to difficulty in urination and slow urine flow rate, too frequent or too strong urge to urinate, as well as to those already mentioned leak urine. It can also lead to urinary retention in the bladder, which weakens the muscle of the bladder and increases the risk of infections IMP (urinary tract) or kidney stones. In some severe cases of BPH may also be delayed urine in the kidney and, accordingly, there cause problems or result in the patient can not urinate. This situation requires emergency medical care.

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can also affect male sexual function. This can be expressed in a painful orgasm, reduction of total sexual dysfunction or impotence. The degree of symptoms can vary from patient to patient and may change with time.

For most men, BPH - just a nuisance. But for some, unfortunately, it becomes a big problem, largely reducing their quality of life. Benign prostatic hyperplasia - a fairly common disease in men of a certain age. Studies by the American Urological Association showed that in the age of 60 suffer from BPH 50% of men and 80 years for 90% of men have these symptoms. Although BPH is not prostate cancer, they often occur together.


Avodart (dutasteride) prevents the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in the body. DHT is involved in the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).

Avodart is used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate. It helps improve urinary flow and may also reduce your need for prostate surgery later on.

Avodart is sometimes given with another medication called tamsulosin (Flomax). Be sure to read the medication guide or patient instructions provided with each of your medications.

Antidepressants Avodart may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

The exact cause of BPH or benign prostatic hyperplasia, are still not clear

Although the studies are carried out constantly, the main causes of benign prostatic hyperplasia, are still outstanding. Many recent studies have shown that it may be due to normal hormonal changes that occur in the body during the aging process. Another theory is based on the fact that as men age, the amount of testosterone in the blood of steadily decreasing, and increasing the amount of estrogen. Higher blood levels of estrogens can affect the growth of cells in the prostate gland. Another possible hormonal change affects DHT (or dihydrotestosterone), a derivative of testosterone. If the accumulated dihydrotestosterone in the prostate, prostatic overgrowth of cells can occur.

Of course, this is only theory. Today, aging - it is the only well-defined risk factor in the development of BPH. Benign prostatic hyperplasia - is the most common disease of older men, especially older than 55 years. Also worth noting is that although prostate cancer symptoms are quite similar to the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia, BPH never precedes the development of prostate cancer.

We know that benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) - is not only the result of too many prostate cells. We also know that, despite the fact that efficient methods for treating BPH, there are no "magic bullet" for the disease, disorder and if it has begun, it usually develops as long as no need medical intervention. Prostate growth characterized by symptoms of data, and also affects hormones takes place in the muscles and gland tissues, acting differently on different people. The fact that the one type of BPH cells grow around the urethra and compress it, like a straw. Another type of BPH develops in the middle lobe of the prostate, affecting both the urethra and the area where the bladder connects to the urethra. In this case usually requires surgery.


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