There are acute and chronic respiratory diseases. The first group includes acute bronchitis, pneumonia. Common respiratory diseases - asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (abbreviated as COPD), chronic bronchitis, bronchiectasis.
Acute respiratory diseases
Respiratory tract Acute bronchitis is called acute arisen inflammation of the bronchial mucosa. It manifested the disease cough and expectoration. In some cases, if the small bronchi are affected, shortness of breath may also occur.
Pneumonia - inflammation of the lung tissue of an infectious nature
The primary cause of acute respiratory tract diseases are microorganisms. This can be viruses, bacteria. In the treatment of acute respiratory diseases occupy the main place of drugs against infectious agents. If the disease is caused by a virus, antiviral agents are assigned. If there are signs indicating the presence of bacterial infection, antibiotics are used.
Chronic respiratory tract disease
Chronic bronchitis - a disease whose symptoms persist for more than 3 months per year for 2 consecutive years, the main manifestation of which is a cough, during the period of prosperity (remission) violation of the external breathing function is not available. Predispose to bronchitis, smoking, air pollution, occupational hazards.
Airway disease Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract, manifested reversible airflow obstruction. It is important to clearly understand what type of medication for asthma you need to apply ventolin online. Available inflammatory process leads to an increased sensitivity of the bronchi to various stimuli irritating, contact with irritants and causes bronchial obstruction. The main manifestation of asthma - asthma attack with utrudnennym exhalation, accompanied by wheezing. There is the disease, especially in people with a genetic susceptibility to it.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - an inflammatory disease characterized by irreversible bronchial obstruction. COPD begins with a cough accompanied by the release of a small amount of sputum, shortness of breath gradually joins with utrudnennym exhalation. The disease progresses relentlessly and eventually complicated by the development of chronic pulmonary heart disease and pulmonary disease. Previously we mentioned about the specific drugs for the treatment of COPD and their effects on the human body.
Bronchiectasis - acquired disease in which there is a localized chronic suppurative process irreversibly advanced and functionally inferior bronchus. Typical symptoms of bronchiectasis - persistent cough with purulent sputum and chest pain.
In the treatment of respiratory tract diseases are most commonly used bronchodilatory agents, antibacterial agents, and steroids. Bronchodilator drugs improve bronchial patency. Glucocorticoids have potent anti-inflammatory effect, and antibiotics help to cope with a bacterial infection.