Neurological Medicine and
The Headache Care Center
Back pain - causes, symptoms, treatment
Back pain - is a manifestation of a particular disease, reflected in the pain in the back of the torso. In addition, it is the most common complaint of all mankind.
The causes of back pain is pretty much almost any disease can affect health. Often in the background pain patients overlooked acute kidney disease, heart attack and even stroke. Yet, more often back pain arises from the following diseases:
- Osteochondrosis - a chronic disease of the spine, resulting in the reduced height of the intervertebral disc, reduced mobility, there are complications on the part of the spine and organs.
- Scoliosis - lateral curvature of the spine.
- Protrusion - protrusion of the intervertebral disc and nerve root compression (herniated small size).
- Spinal hernia - breaking the fibrous ring and the protrusion of the nucleus pulposus.
- Spondylolisthesis - displacement of the vertebrae relative to each other.
- Sciatica - acute pain disorders in the nerve roots.
- Backache - acute pain, when moving.
Quite often the cause of back pain is osteochondrosis of the cervical spine or intervertebral hernias of the lumbar spine.
Offset vertebrae leads to reflex compression of the nerve roots, the person feels pain in his back, the muscles contract, the internal organs harder to work in such conditions, and they begin to weaken. The load on the spine is uneven, between the vertebrae are discs and when the vertebrae move, do stop nutrients from the disc leaves the liquid, eventually developing osteochondrosis, intervertebral hernia may occur. That is why treatment should be carried out as soon as possible, preventing osteoarthritis or intervertebral hernias are treated surgically.
Types of pain in the spine
Pain across the back is quite rare and self-understanding are too extensive. Much more often some pain in different parts.
Pain in the lumbar region, aching lower back, pulling, sharp - occurs most often due to intervertebral hernias, protrusions, kidney disease, gynecological problems.
Suggested as a right or left foot, enhanced with walking, sitting - a consequence of the inflammation of the sciatic nerve, sciatica, etc.
Headache in the neck and back - a consequence of disturbances in the cervical region.
Dull pain in the shoulder, in the middle of the spine, increases with inspiration and turns - a violation to be found in the thoracic spine, the heart.
Sharp pains in the back, shoots in the chest, the heart - the consequences of intercostal neuralgia and diseases of internal organs.
The feeling in the back and neck when turning head, tilting or deflection of the neck - is the result of neck disease.
The discomfort in the lower back during pregnancy - as a consequence of the weakness of the musculoskeletal system, the presence of diseases of the spine.
The most common problem - a nagging discomfort in the lower back. The most dangerous and unpredictable - in the thoracic region, followed by a heart attack may be hiding, neoplastic diseases, etc tramadol online. The hardest to treat back pain radiating to the leg or having a greater intensity - these symptoms have a good reason. Neck pain - in a special "honor" place, because their treatment can be compared with the work of a jeweler.
- Drug therapy - aimed at pain relief, reduction of edema, treatment of emergency conditions.
- Neurosurgical treatment - a dangerous method of treatment, used less and less due to their specificity. It requires absolute indications for treatment.
- Conservative methods - manual therapy, acupuncture, reflexology, acupressure, hirudotherapy, etc. The most effective is considered manipulative therapy, but it has a number of significant contraindications and should be performed by an experienced doctor.