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Asthma - a chronic disease that is characterized by brief attacks of breathlessness caused by spasms in the bronchi and the swelling of the mucous membrane. Certain risk groups and age restrictions, the disease has not. But as the practice of medicine, women have asthma in 2 times more often. According to official data, in the world today there are more than 300 million people with asthma. The first symptoms of the disease manifest themselves most often in childhood. Elderly people suffer the disease is much more difficult.


The disease usually begins early in life. About 50% of children with the right treatment to get rid of asthma adulthood.

Causes of Asthma

Asthma occurs because of hypersensitivity to stimuli. Asthma can be associated with both genetic predisposition and environmental factors (including allergic factors or frequent respiratory tract infections).

An asthma attack can be caused by:

  • allergens: pet dander, dust, food, mites, pollens, spores;
  • viral and bacterial infections: bronchitis, colds, flu, sinusitis;
  • irritants in the environment: the exhaust gases, sprays, perfume, tobacco smoke;
  • drugs such as acetylsalicylic acid, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. If you "Aspirin asthma", you need to avoid taking aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, especially given the fact that this type of asthma can be very severe and attacks occur very quickly;
  • stress: anxiety, fear;
  • intense physical activity, especially in cold areas.

    Asthma symptoms

    Although asthma is a disease quite common, the symptoms may vary from person to person. Most patients experience the first symptoms at an early age: about half of the patients under the age of 10 years, and about one-third to 40 years. However, asthma may each person at any age.

    Asthma can have varying degrees of severity and frequency of exacerbations. Asthma symptoms can vary from slight shortness of breath, wheezing and coughing to shortness of breath, chest tightness and asthma attacks.

    When you cough, which is accompanied by wheezing or difficulty breathing should seek medical advice. If the diagnosis has been made, but the patient was necessary to use the inhaler more often than was prescribed, you should contact your doctor.

    If symptoms increase or persist for 24-48 hours, you may need emergency medical care and hospitalization. If a patient starts choking, it is difficult, you should immediately call an ambulance.

    Asthma complications

    1. Pneumothorax (air into the pleural cavity)
    2. Acute respiratory failure
    3. Emphysematous lung disorders

    What you can do

    It is essential that a person suffering from asthma, and his family had the maximum amount of information about asthma from an accredited and recognized sources. You must be prepared treatment plan. It is necessary to know exactly the symptoms of an asthma attack, it is desirable to be in possession of written instructions on what to do in an emergency. Record all drugs seizures, indications, reactions to medications. You need to know exactly what medications when and how much you need to take. It is also necessary to know what are the side effects and how to reduce their appearance. Carefully follow all instructions. Learn how to use the inhaler correctly. Make sure that you always have on hand all the necessary preparations. If you are prescribed a new tool for asthma, ask your doctor or pharmacist to check their drug interactions with those drugs that you are taking.

    During an asthma attack, follow drawn up in advance a plan of action. Stay calm, breathe slowly several times and use the inhaler buy ventolin online. After the first attack symptoms take action immediately. In the early phase of drug and require less time to stop the attack.

    Stay in good physical shape. It is necessary to control asthma so that you could go in for sports.

    Make sure that in your family there is someone other than you, who knows where the necessary medicines, such as, how much and in what order to take them and what to do in case of emergency.

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