ADHD - is a complex chronic disorder of brain function, behavior and development, behavioral and cognitive consequences to-cerned are manifested in a variety of areas of functioning. Although the cause or causes SDGV still not clear, the present-day. issled. suggests as a primary component of the disorder of the brain's inability to adequate self-regulation (regarding both the initiation and inhibition of behavior and activity) on an ongoing basis and in a variety of everyday circumstances and conditions. Individuals with ADHD experience a wide range of behavioral, cognitive and communicative difficulties, disrupts their daily functioning and well-being. Intensity of these difficulties depends on several factors, namely, that such persons. asked to do (or not do), how long and in what environments. People with ADHD are normal and productive behavior in the plural. situations and under different conditions, but not able to do so continuously for long periods. Therefore, they need someone who would provide them with the necessary external (behavioral) and internal (medication) mechanisms of regulation of behavior.
The following symptoms are the most typical for ADHD:
A hyperactive child is often not able to hold the attention to detail that can look like carelessness. He makes mistakes in schoolwork, work performed, and in other activities. the impression is often that the child does not listen to speech addressed to him, is not able to adhere to the proposed regulations and to cope until the end of the implementation of tasks both at school and at home (which has nothing to do with negative or protest behavior, inability to understand the task). Often such a child is difficult to perform tasks on their own, and he tries to avoid activities that require long-term conservation of mental effort (eg, schoolwork, homework). Such a child often loses things at school and at home (eg toys, school supplies - pencils, books, tools). Babies tend to store such distractions, be forgetful in daily situations.
For hyperactive child is characterized by constant restless movement of the arms and legs. He turns sitting on a chair, wagging something hands. Often he gets up from her seat in the classroom during lessons or in other situations where you need to stay in place. A hyperactive child often exhibits purposeless motor activity: running, spinning, trying to climb up somewhere, and in situations where this is not acceptable. Usually he can not quiet, calm play or do anything at your leisure. Often it is in constant motion and behaves "as if he had inside the engine." Often hyperactive children are talkative.
Clinically for hyperactive children is often characterized by extremely rapid response to the situation: they did not wait for guidance and instructions to help you complete the task, and often not adequately assess the requirements set for them. As a result, they are inattentive and careless, and their actions - careless and frivolous. Hyperactive children often can not calculate negative, harmful or destructive (and even dangerous) consequences that may be associated with certain situations or actions. Often, they expose themselves to unnecessary risks, to demonstrate the courage to look unusual, original, especially in the eyes of peers. Often it ends accidents - poisoning, trauma, etc. Children with ADHD may be easily and carelessly damage or destroy someone else's property: with them like that happens much more frequently than children without signs of ADHD. These children tend to respond to questions without listening to them until the end. They are usually difficult to wait their turn in different situations, prevent others stick to others (for example, interfere with the conversation or games).
According to J. Perrin e.a. (1998), hyperactive children with attention deficit have significant learning difficulties due to various combinations of varying severity and the following disorders:
The combination of these problems in various combinations adversely affects memory, execution of a sequence of actions, motor skills, speech, sleep, mood and thus, school performance. Hyperactive child is difficult to coordinate their actions with public requirements. Such disorders may also be combined with disorders of higher cortical functions, including violations of motor activity, cognition, communication, and as a result -vliyat on the social status of the child.